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Case study: in search of the cinematic Losfeld
Companies: Audubon - American International Pictures (AIP) - New World Pictures - Janus Films
People: Roger Corman - Radley Metzger
Film distribution used to be an odd trade. Their are comparisons to be drawn with remixes in the music industry and translations in the book industry. Also, the history of film production provides us with some amusing incongruencies. For example, the U.S. rights to European high art film director Ingmar Bergman's Summer with Monika (1953) were acquired by exploitation filmmaker Kroger Babb, who subsequently re-edited and distributed this art film in the USA as a Euro skin film. [Feb 2007]
DefinitionOne that markets or sells merchandise, especially a wholesaler. --AHD
Film distributorA film distributor is an independent company, a subsidiary company or occasionally an individual, which acts as the final agent between a film production company or some intermediary agent, and a film exhibitor, to the end of securing placement of the producer's film on the exhibitor's screen. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Film_distributor [Nov 2005]
In the film business, distribution refers to the marketing and circulation of movies in theatres.
In practical terms, this includes the physical production of film prints and their shipping around the world (a process that may soon be replaced by digital distribution) as well as the creation of posters, newspaper and magazine advertisements and television commercials.
In the days of the classical Hollywood cinema, the studios produced and distributed their own films to theatres that they also owned—a practice known as vertical integration. The studios' control over distribution was greatly weakened in the U.S. when, in 1948, the United States Supreme Court forced the major studios to sell all their theaters. Today, major studios and independent production companies alike compete for screens in theaters.
Paramount Case—landmark decision that led to the divorcement of distribution and exhibition. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distribution_%28film%29 [Nov 2005]
Kingsley International Pictures Corp.
As the distributor of a motion picture entitled "Lady Chatterley's Lover," the appellant Kingsley submitted that film to the Motion Picture Division of the New York Education Department for a license. Finding three isolated scenes in the film "'immoral' within the intent of our Law," the Division refused to issue a license until the scenes in question were deleted. The distributor petitioned the Regents of the University of the State of New York for a review of that ruling. [note 4] The Regents upheld the denial of a license, but on the broader ground that "the whole theme of this motion picture is immoral under said law, for that theme is the presentation of adultery as a desirable, acceptable and proper pattern of behavior." --http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/comm/free_speech/kingsley.html [Nov 2005]
Filmography as distributor
Amant de cinq jours, L' (1961) - Amant de lady Chatterley, L' (1955) - Background (1953) - Bijoutiers du clair de lune, Les (1958) - Carrington V.C. (1955) - Casa del ángel, La (1957) - Crime et châtiment (1956) - En cas de malheur (1958) - Et Dieu... créa la femme (1956) - Fille aux yeux d'or, La (1961) - Française et l'amour, La (1960) - Homme à l'imperméable, L' (1957) - Hommes en blanc, Les (1955) - J'avais sept filles (1954) - Julietta (1953) - Kanal (1957) - Kitchen, The (1961) - Koritsi me ta mavra, To (1956) - Laxdale Hall (1953) - League of Gentlemen, The (1959) - Lucky Jim (1957) - Nous sommes tous des assassins (1952) - Only Two Can Play (1962) - Ordet (1955) - Orgueilleux, Les (1953) - Possédées, Les (1956) - Sait-on jamais... (1957) - Savage Eye, The (1960) - Seryozha (1960) - Sorcières de Salem, Les (1957) - Sous le ciel de Provence (1956) - Suor Letizia (1957) - Suspect (1960) - Trials of Oscar Wilde, The (1960) - Viridiana (1961) - Voulez-vous danser avec moi? (1959) - Vérité, La (1960) --http://www.imdb.com/List?distributors=Kingsley-International+Pictures+Inc.+[us]&&tv=on [Nov 2005]
Cambist filmsCambist was an American film distribution company run by Lee Hessel.
Distributor - filmography
Ilsa, Harem Keeper of the Oil Sheiks (1976) - Ilsa, She Wolf of the SS (1975) - Justine och Juliette (1975) - Wide Open Marriage (1974) - Anita - ur en tonårsflickas dagbok (1974) - Cugina, La (1974) - Vampyres (1974) - The Crazies (1973) - Bordellet (1972) - Takt og tone i himmelsengen (1972) - There's Always Vanilla (1971) - Cry Uncle! (1971) - Testa t'ammazzo, croce... sei morto... Mi chiamano Alleluja (1971) - The Minx (1969) - Tumult (1969) - Sappho, Darling (1968) - Aroused (1966) - Suburbia Confidential (1966) - Rent-a-Girl (1965) - Acosada (1964) --http://www.imdb.com/company/co0050743/ [Nov 2005]
This was a company that had Lee Hessel as a major player and several films that are now known to many DVD followers of Something Weird who actually find out about where the interesting ads come from. As someone who loved the recent issue of NIGHT OF THE BLOODY APES, which had a second feature of THE DEADLY ORGAN, or FEAST OF FLESH (The title presented on the disc as was presented at theatres when playing in The 70's with the main feature), I was inspired to type out a list of their films from The 60's.
In The 70's, Cambist continued in the Adult Film scene with class with films like RELATIONS, BORDELLO (1971), and VAMPYRES (1974), CRY UNCLE!, and even the New York distribution of the infamous ILSA, following up on the greatness of their offerings of the Pre-Ratings era. --http://www.geocities.com/cinemasinsin/cambist [Nov 2005]
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