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Marshall Jefferson (1959 - )
Related: Chicago house music - 1959
Jefferson was born in Chicago in 1959, the son of a police officer and a school teacher. Heavily into hard rock like Black Sabbath and Deep Purple during the 1970s, he attended university to study accounting, but left after three years to take a job in the post office.
By 1983, friends began taking him to Chicago's Music Box club; after being exposed to Ron Hardy's influential mixing style, Jefferson soon realized that house music had a real feeling to it, unlike the commercial disco sound he was accustomed to hearing on the radio. House artists like Jesse Saunders and Jamie Principle had begun releasing records by that time, and Jefferson felt the need to begin recording as well. He bought a synthesizer/sequencer combo and passed several of his newly recorded tapes on to Ron Hardy. The legendary DJ liked what he heard and began dropping the tracks into his set.
During the two-year period from 1985 to 1986, Marshall Jefferson released half-a-dozen of the biggest club hits in Chicago. His first release, "Go Wild Rhythm Trax," appeared on Virgo Records in 1985. Later that year he produced his friend Sleazy D's "I've Lost Control," and the track became a big club hit. "Move Your Body," another recording first introduced by Hardy, was given a full release on Trax Records in 1986; the single immediately dropped a bomb on Chicago crowds, who soon began acknowledging the track as house music's defining moment.
Less than one year after "Move Your Body" however, Chicago was forced to react to another important milestone, the onset of acid-house. The trio known as Phuture (DJ Pierre, Spanky and Herb J) had recently recorded some material using the acid squelch of Roland's TB-303synthesizer, and with Marshall Jefferson's help, they entered the studio to record a full version.
Phuture emerged from the studio with "Acid Trax," one of the most influential songs in the history of house. Several months after its release, it had spawned literally hundreds of imitators and answer versions; soon the Chicago house scene had become swamped with tracks soaked in the squelchy reverbs of the TB-303.
Given the lack of variety in the scene, Jefferson quickly tired of acid house. Instead of continuing with acid, he recorded an atmospheric slice of house inspired by the original vibe he had experienced at the Music Box back in the early '80s. The track, "Open Your Eyes," took its place alongside contemporary productions by Larry Heard, signalled a new feeling in house music, named deep house for its level of emotion an organic beauty.
Unlike many Chicago house producers, Jefferson managed to make a good living during the late '80s and early '90s, when house music went global almost overnight and the bottom dropped out of Chicago's fraternal club scene. Several Marshall Jefferson productions not recorded under his own name, such as Hercules "Lost in the Groove," Jungle Wonz's "The Jungle" and Kevin Irvine's "Ride the Rhythm" all became sizeable club hits.
Also, he masterminded the career of the preeminent house vocal group Ten City from 1988 through 1992, and began DJing around Europe after being offered several high-profile spots in 1989. Jefferson spent much of the 1990s remixing and DJing, but did record under his own name for the 1997 album Day of the Onion.
Move Your Body
Critical in the evolution of Chicago style house music, Marshall Jefferson wrote the house music anthem--not only was it proclaimed as such universally, it was also the subtitle of "Move Your Body", one of his earliest tracks in 1986. His work has gone through different periods, including one where it was heavily acid-music influenced, later moving into more spiritually oriented music called "deep house". As a child, he was passionate about hard rock. As a young adult, he went to study accounting at university but soon quit to work in the post office. Later, he was exposed to house-style music in the Music Box club in Chicago.
referred to as the 'godfather of house' (though frankie knuckles may argue this - lets not bicker), chicago boy Marshall Jefferson has been there since the very beginning. initially inspired by soft rock (weren't we all?), he began to discover the groove courtesy of the renowned music box club in chicago. This was a time when what we call house music today was a localised thing, centred around new york and chi-town, a combination of the last days of disco, the rawness of electro and the constant funk factor. A few records existed, prototypes even, that remain today as blueprints for the house sound, phuture's 'acid trax' being one, and our own young jefferson's contribution, the prophetically titled 'house music anthem - move your body' on the seminal (an overused word, but apt in this case) trax records. And, yes, it still sounds fresh today Jefferson then began to work with byron stingly and ten city as both producer and writer, coming up with hits like 'devotion' and the absolute CLASSIC 'thats the way love is'. (still brings a tear to even the most technofied heart.) This brought him from the underground into the charts and back again, Jefferson managing to keep his feet in both camps without offending anyone.
Ten CityTen City - Devotion (1987), Marshall Jefferson production?
Top Ten + CV
Marshall Jefferson TOP TEN
'my love' - masters at work (freetown) "Underground network dub. As soon as everyone hears the beat - and it's a really funky beat - they get a crook in their back from moving to it. It's one of those records."
'true spirit' - carleen anderson (circa) "This came out in 1994 and it's just a beautiful song, especially the K-Klassic mix. It 's really melodic and the vocal is spot on."
'string free' - phortune (trax) "This is an instrumental and everybody recognises it and dances to it. It's got lots of stops and starts and the energy rises and falls. A peak party-time record."
'there will come a day' (black lozenge mix) - the absolute (tribal) "This is one of those huge, building tracks. It's an 11-minute mix that rises and falls through the whole track. It's my automatic track - I could put the record on and go to the toilet and know the place will be rocking."
'in the dark we live' - aphrohead (bush)(sire) "I play two different mixes and both are equally effective. Dave Clarke's 313 mix is real hard banging techno. His 312 mix is for not-so-hard parties - a real slow builder which has been imitated a lot. It's got a strange drum beat. It's a classic because everybody's nicking that beat. Halfway through, it gets really technoey and acid and everybody yells."
'satisfy my love' - sabrina johnston (champion) "I like the House Factor mix. When it came out, everyone played the Johan S mix, but this mix is more melodic. When I play it, everyone has a really good time - the women like it and it's a good groove."
'harz' - sensorama (ladomat) "Another one of those slow burners. Thirty seconds into the track there's this little part that comes in - it's a techno track but you get this little clicking part over it and everybody gets to grooving. I like building tracks like that."
'givin' it up' - incognito (talkin loud) "This is a beautiful song, excellent vocals and instrumentation. Every time I put it on, everybody sings along. It's really nice. Even if it's the first time you hear it, you've got to sing along."
'joy' brer soul (touche) "This track came out in 1994 and every time I put it on - and I can play it here, in Germany, back in Chicago - they all go for it. It's got heavy bass and, as soon as it comes, they've got to dance, every place I go, yet nobody knows the track - it's an underground classic."
'where love lives' - alison limerick (arista) "Overall, this gives you a whole mood. The vocals are spot on, the lyrics are really nice. Everything's cool!"
CV: MARSHALL JEFFERSON
BORN: Chicago, September 19 - "I'm a little fuzzy on the year!"
LIFE BEFORE DJING: worked at the Post Office.
FIRST DJ GIG: 1983 - "I threw a party and got loads of money because I didn't have to pay the DJ! I think it was at Studio 21 in Chicago.
MOST MEMORABLE GIG: Best: Tribal Gathering, last year in Germany.
Worst: "About three years ago at the Tresor club in Germany. It was the first time I'd played for about four years and I cleared the floor."
FAVOURITE CLUB: Garage City, Bar Rumba and Queer Nation (London).
DJ TRADEMARK:"If somebody suddenly plays a techno record right after a garage record and then plays a jungle record, it's me!"
OTHER INTERESTS: artist - album out on KTM Records in June; mix album for 4 Liberty; remixes include Tom Jones, Ryuchi Sakamoto, J D Braithway, Chris Westbrook; into computers and movies.
- Welcome to my World - Marshall Jefferson [Amazon US]
1. Can You Feel It - Mr Fingers 2. Plastic Dreams - Jaydee 3. The Cow - Marshall Jefferson 4. Needs Not Wants - Mood Life 5. I'll Be Your Friend - Robert Owens 6. Generate Power - Photon Inc 7. Where Love Lives - Alison Limerick 8. Move Your Body - Marshall Jefferson 9. No Way Back - Adonis 10. Give It To Me - Bam Bam 11. Tracks U Lost - Farley Jackmaster Funk 12. When You Hold Me - Master C&J 13. Thank Ya - Sweet D 14. CD Rom Interview - Marshall Jefferson Disc: 2 1. Finally - Kings Of Tomorrow (Cosmic Dub) 2. Love Is Not A Game - J Magic feat. Kathy Brown (Julius Vocal Mix) 3. Love Me Or Leave Me - Delicious Inc. feat. Sabrina Pope (15.000 Dollar Mix) 4. Gotta Thing - Foreal People (Vocal Mix) 5. Bel Amour - Bel Amour (Rhythm Masters Mix) 6. Body Music - Jesse Saunders (Angel Alanis Mix) 7. Indispensable - Massimino Lippoli Les Hommes 8. Mushrooms - Marshall Jefferson VS Noosa Heads (Mazi's Mix) 9. Star Dance - Telly.Bi.Giordan Mind 10. All U Gotta Do Is Love Me - Will Bates 11. Muzikizum (Part One) - X Press 2 12. I Ain't Got No Soul - Paul Johnson 13. Celebrate - Demetrios feat. Ana (Joey Musaphia Remix) 14. Do You Love What You Feel - Raw Essence feat. Maxine McClain (Cleptomanic's Remix)
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