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Related: sexual slavery - slave trade - white slavery trope - odalisque

The White Slave (1888) - Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte de Nouy
image sourced here.


Slavery is involuntary servitude, enforced by violence or by other methods. It is sometimes an expectation associated with other relationships, such as marriage and other family relations, military service, or debt relationships.

Unfree labour is a generic term which includes all forms of slavery and similar labour systems, including serfdom. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slave [Aug 2004]

Slavery can mean one or more related conditions which involve control of a person against his or her will, enforced by violence or other forms of coercion. Slavery almost always occurs for the purpose of securing the labor of the person or people concerned. A specific form, known as chattel slavery, implies the legal ownership of a person or persons. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slave [Jun 2005]


In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is one of four factors of production, the others being land, capital and enterprise. It is a measure of the work done by human beings. There are macro-economic system theories which have created a concept called human capital (referring to the skills that workers possess, not necessarily their actual work), although there are also counterposing macro-economic system theories that think human capital is a contradiction in terms. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labour_%28economics%29 [Jun 2005]


Serfdom refers to legal and economic status of peasants under feudalism economic system, specifically in the manorialism (also known as seigneurialism) system. A serf is a laborer who is bound to the land, and form the lowest social class of the feudal society. Serfs differ from slaves in that serfs are not property themselves and cannot be sold apart from the land which they work.

Serfdom is the forced labour of serfs, on the fields of the privileged land owners, in return for protection and the right to work on their leased fields. Serfdom involved work not only on fields, but various agricultural-related works, like forestry, transportation (both land and river-based), work in craft and even in manufactures. Serfdom evolved from agricultural slavery of Roman Empire and spread through Europe around 10th century. It was dominant during the Europe's Middle Ages. In England serfdom lasted up to 17th century, in France until 1789, in most other European countries until the early 19th century, and the last European country to abolish serfdom was Russia until 1861. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serfdom [Jun 2005]

Trafficking in human beings

Trafficking in human beings includes recruiting, harbouring, obtaining, and transporting people by use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjecting them to involuntary acts, such as commercial sexual exploitation (including prostitution) or involuntary labour, i.e., enslaving them. Human trafficking is the trade of human beings and their use by criminals to make money. This often means forcing or tricking people into prostitution, begging, or work in sweatshops, domestic servitude and manual labour. On a related issue, children are forced to be child soldiers. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_trafficking [Dec 2005]

Slavery in medieval Europe

Slavery in medieval Europe was the phenomenon of keeping persons in the condition of slavery in the Europe of the Middle Ages. Slaves were traded openly in most cities, including as diverse cities as Marseille, Dublin and Prague, and many were sold to buyers in the Middle East. The town of Caffa in the Crimea was called the capital of medieval slave trade. --http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_in_medieval_Europe [Dec 2005]

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