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Brazilian music

Parent categories: music - Brasil

Seminal tracks: Cala Boca Menino () - João Donato
Cala boca menino
nje-nje-nje (coro)
Menino chorou
nje-nje-nje (coro)
(Ô) chora menino
nje-nje-nje (coro)
Menino chorou
nje-nje-nje (coro)

Related: world music

Artists: Jorge Ben - Joyce


Brazilian music is typified by its intense and exuberant mixing of styles, from the European/African/Native American blends that brought about the original sambas of the early Twentieth Century, to the electronica and hip-hop records of today.
-- http://www.slipcue.com/music/brazil/aa_styles/aa_styles.html

Music in Brazil is usually divided in three categories: música folklórica (Folk music), música popular Brasilera or MPB (Popular Brazilian music), and música erudita o música de escola (art music). These terms are generally accepted as implying specific musical styles and social functions. In 1954, there was an International Congress of Folklore, which met in São Paulo. One of the questions on the agenda was the distinction between folk and popular music. Folk music was defined as "that music which being used anonymously and collectively by the unlettered classes of a civilized society, originates also from anonymous and collective creation from the group, or from the adoption and accommodation of popular works that have lost their vital functions in the source from which they originated.(2)" Popular music was defined by the same congress as "that music, which being composed by known authorship, is disseminated and used, with less or more frequency by all levels of the collective group."

Afro-Latin jazz

Afro-Latin jazz emerged during the 1940s, primarily from the confluence of American jazz and Afro-Cuban music. In the early 1960s, Brazil succeeded Cuba as the dominant influence in Latin jazz. Although Cuba and Brasil share an Afro-Iberian origin, Cuban and Brazilian jazz styles differ sharply. Cuban jazz is characteristically driving and percussive, while Brazilian jazz usually features gentle, lilting melodies. Brazilian jazz is a musical hybrid that reflects borrowings from two directions: American jazz musicians appropriated Brazilian musical forms, and Brazilians adopted jazz improvisation and American popular music conventions, ultimately producing an eclectic musical genre. Brazilian jazz initially grew out of samba, a Brazilian dance music that gained worldwide popularity during the 1940s.

People and labels

  1. Rainer Truby
  2. Joyce
  3. Milton Nascimiento
  4. Jorge Ben
  5. James Vyner James is involved with Mr Bongo records, who release the Brasilian Beats comps.
  6. Compost Records
  7. Kyoto Jazz Massive
  8. Mondo Grosso
  9. Jazzanova

Soul Jazz Records Presents Tropicalia: a Brazilian Revolution in Sound (2006) - Various Artists

Soul Jazz Records Presents Tropicalia: a Brazilian Revolution in Sound (2006) - Various Artists [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

Product Description
Tropicalia in the late 1960s revolutionized Brazilian music mixing Psychedelic Rock, avant-garde musique concrete (tape loops, sound experiments), Samba, Funk and Soul into a truly unique combination.This is the first album to bring together all the artists involved in Tropicalia, Os Mutantes, Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Tom Ze, Gal Costa and more. Under the backdrop of the most violent and repressive days of the Brazilian military dictatorship, these artists created a new style of music so radical that both Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil were seen as such a threat by the Brazilian dictatorship that they were arrested, imprisoned and finally deported in 1969. Os Mutantes, the sophisticated musical anarchists from Sao Paulo not only became the musical template for Beck, they were also discovered by Kurt Cobain on tour in Brazil who tried (and failed) to get them to support Nirvana.Comes complete with the customary extensive 40+ page booklet contextualising Tropicalia, exclusive photos, and slipcase. Soul Jazz. 2006.

Tropicalismo, also known as Tropicália, is a Brazilian art movement that arose in the late 1960s and encompassed theatre, poetry and music, among other forms. It is said by some that Tropicalismo is somehow associated to poesia concreta, a genre of brazilian avant garde poetry embodied in the works of Augusto de Campos, Haroldo de Campos and Décio Pignatari, among a few others.

"Tropicalismo" or "Tropicália" is usually associated, almost exclusively, with the movement's musical expression, both in Brazil and internationally; a form of Brazilian music that arose in the late 1960s from a melange of bossa nova, rock and roll, Bahia folk music, african music and portuguese fado. Artists commonly associated with the movement, notably Os Mutantes, have experimented with unusual time signatures and other means of heterodox song structures. A lot of Tropicalismo artists were driven by socially aware lyrics and political activism following the coup of 1964, much like its contemporary Brazilian film movement, Cinema Novo (brazilian new wave). The movement only lasted consistently for a few years, and, in part, is responsible for what is now known as MPB, Música Popular Brasileira (Brazilian Popular Music).

Although it attained little commercial success outside of Brazil, Tropicalismo has a growing popularity among indie rock hipsters and music geeks alike, and has been cited as an influence by rock musicians such as David Byrne, Beck, Kurt Cobain, and Nelly Furtado. In 1998, Beck released Mutations (album), the title of which is a tribute to Tropicalismo pioneers Os Mutantes. Its hit single, "Tropicalia", went as high as #21 on the Billboard Modern Rock singles chart.

In 2002 Caetano Veloso published an account of the Tropicalia movement, "Tropical Truth: A Story of Music and Revolution in Brazil." The 1999 compilation "Tropicália Essentials," featuring songs by Gil, Veloso, Gal Costa, Tom Zé and Os Mutantes, is an excellent introduction to the style. The 2006 collaboration "Tropicalia: A Brazillian Revolution In Sound" has received nearly universal acclaim[4].

Key Artists
Caetano Veloso * Chico Buarque * Os Mutantes * Tom Zé * Gilberto Gil * Gal Costa

--http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropicalismo [Feb 2006]

See also: Brazilian music - Soul Jazz - 2006

World Psychedelic Classics Vol.1 (1999) - Os Mutantes

World Psychedelic Classics Vol.1 (1999) - Os Mutantes [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

1. Ando Meio Desligado 2. Ave, Lucifer 3. Dia 36 4. Baby [(1971)] 5. Fuga No. II 6. Cantor de Mambo 7. Adeus Maria Fulo 8. Desculpe, Babe 9. Justiciero 10. Panis et Circenses 11. Minha Menina 12. Bat Macumba 13. Premier Bonheur du Jour 14. Baby [(1988)]

Amazon.co.uk Review
Os Mutantes' weird psychedelic bossa nova owes more to San Francisco circa 1966 than anything bearing the traditional "world music" tag. Formed in the mid-Sixties the trio was initially shunned by audiences in their native Brazil for their use of electric instruments. By turning controversy to their advantage they became involved with the influential Tropicália arts movement (alongside its leading exponent, Gilberto Gil) and flourished, producing a slew of hallucinogenic albums until the early seventies. Everything Is Possible collects the choicest fruits from those releases. Though the music does incorporate traditional South American forms it is their conception of "sonic landscapes" that proves most interesting--echoing vocals (recorded in a coffee can) clashing with swirling hammond organ, fuzz guitar, effects created by aerosols and other bizarre household items. Admittedly this experimental fervour can tend to spill over into excess but the "out-there" qualities of the group are both absorbing and amusingly kitsch--music would be a far less interesting place without them and their kind. --Derryck Strachan, Amazon.co.uk

Amazon.com essential recording
"You must take a look at the new land," Os Mutantes singer Rita Lee softly proclaims on Everything Is Possible!'s English-language rewrite of Caetano Veloso's "Baby." The Brazilian psychedelic-rock pioneers were addressing a hoped-for American-British audience, but they could also have been singing to their own country's political establishment, which didn't take kindly to the Tropicalia era's fusion of Beatles and Hendrix influences with elements of bossa nova and samba. The result continues to reverberate more than three decades later in the work of Beck, Stereolab, and Cibo Matto, not to mention on late-'90s reissues such as this. Full of beauty, self-mocking good humor, and a command of varied styles that Lennon and McCartney would've envied, this enticing music is every bit as fresh as it must've sounded to South American swingers back in the day. --Rickey Wright, Amazon.com

Album Details
Os Mutantes were the Pioneer Brazilian Psychedelic Band in the Late 60's. Compiled by David Byrne from the Remastered Original Tapes.

see also: psychedelic

Escravos de Jo

Joe Claussell Joe Clausell/Keri Chandler "Escravos De Jo" (Ibadan)
Based around one of Milton Nascimento's wonderful melodies and hooked up to Kerri and Joe's irresistible rolling Baiao groove, with freestyle guitar adding extra organic flavour, this is the sound of conscious NYC. Dance floor deliverance from the spiritual lifers


  1. http://www.slipcue.com/music/brazil/brazillinks.html Brazil Linkson Joe Sixpacks excellent slipcue.com site.
  2. http://www.geocities.com/BourbonStreet/Canal/1756/ Airto Moreira & Flora Purim Homepage

  3. http://www.thebraziliansound.com/top.htm Top 20 Brasil albums


  1. Jorge Ben - Africa Brasil: Colecao Samba Soul [Amazon.com]
    In a word -- WOW. Probably the best funk album ever recorded in Brazil, and certainly one of the best Brazilian pop albums as well. Features the often -anthologized "Umbabarauma" and the super-funky "Xica da Silva," along with a whole slew of other great tracks, such as the James Brown/Sly Stone inspired "Hermes Trismegisto Escriveu" and other groove-heavy wonders. A couple of songs are too shrill -- less disco flirtations than just plain old pop-funk gone jittery. One such track is an unfortunate remake of "Taj Mahal," the song from which Rod Stewart swiped the melody to "If You Think I'm Sexy"... Nevertheless, this is a masterpiece, one of the best Brazilian albums of the '70s. Absolutely essential, required listening. -- Joe Sixpack for Amazon.com
  2. Brazil: Essential Album [Amazon.com] [Compiled and annotated by John Armstrong, double CD]
    1. Mas Que Nada - Tamba Trio 2. Come With Me - Tânia Maria 3. Águas de Março (Waters of March) - Antonio Carlos Jobim 4. Cena - Beatriz Azevedo 5. Âmbar - Maria Bethania 6. It Might as Well Be Spring - Stan Getz 7. Ole Ola - Chico Buarque 8. Embola a Bola - Djavan 9. So Danço Samba - Antonio Carlos Jobim 10. Brasil Pandeiro - Novos Baianos 11. Roda - Elis Regina 12. Tiro Ao Alvaro (Hit the Bull's Eye) - Adoniran Barbosa 13. Adelita - Jorge Ben 14. Samba de Flora - Airto Moreira 15. Rapunzel - Daniela Mercury 16. O Dia Em Que Faremos Contato - Lenine Disc: 2 1. Agua de Beber - Antonio Carlos Jobim 2. Outro Inverno - Sylvia Patricia 3. Girl from Ipanema 4. Pára-Raio - As Meninas 5. Milagre - Quarteto em Cy 6. Vento de Maio - Elis Regina 7. Samba de Orly - Chico Buarque 8. Novos Baianos - Novos Baianos 9. Tonga da Mironga Do Kabulete - Toquinho 10. Multo Obrigado - Djavan 11. Freio Aerodynamico - Marcos Valle 12. Beija-Flor - Timbalada 13. Taj Mahal/Fio Maravilha/Pais Tropical - Jorge Ben 14. Feminina 15. Para Lennon E McCartney - Friends from Rio
  3. Spirit of Brasil - Compilation [Amazon.com] [Old and new on two cds.]
    1. Mas Que Nada - Elza Soares 2. Mar de Copacabana - Gilberto Gil 3. O Velho Francisco - Chico Buarque 4. Canto de Ossanha - Baden Powell 5. Cinco Crianças - Edú Lobo 6. Anos Dourados 7. Catavento - Alaide Costa 8. Para Que Digladiar - Jorge Ben 9. Berimbau Consolacao - Toquinho 10. Samba da Rosa 11. Pedro Brasil - Djavan 12. Take Sarava - Silvia Torres 13. Mama Africa - Chico César 14. Namorada - Carlinhos Brown 15. O Dia Em Que Faremos Contato - Lenine Disc: 2 1. Escravos de Jo - Kerri Chandler 2. Onde Anda Meu Amor - The Reminiscence Quartet 3. Brazillian Beats [Body 'N' Soul Mix] - Masters at Work 4. Flying High [Masters at Work Brazillian Vocal Mix] - Byron Stingily 5. Fedime's Flight - Jazzanova 6. Pele - Ballistic Brothers 7. Humana 8. Love Beat [Nicola Conte Fez Remix] 9. Galicia 10. Brazil 11. Ponteio 12. Pachacuti - Soul Ascendants 13. Mango Mongo - Moodorama 14. Você Gosta - Suba 15. Felix
  4. Brazilian Beats vol.1 -- Mr Bongo [Amazon.com]
    1. Batucada [Peter Heller Big Love from Rio Mix] 2. Celebration Suite - Airto Moreira 3. Brazilian Beat [Dope Mix] 4. Nebulosa - Tenorio Jr. 5. Sam Blues 6. Barumba - Dom Salvador 7. Hot Pants Road 8. Eu Sou Mais Eu 9. Deus Me Faca Funky 10. Ondo Anda a Meu Amor 11. Carolina Carol Beia - Jorge Ben 12. Ye-Me-Le - Luís Carlos Vinhas 13. Cidade Vazia - Milton Banana 14. Swinga Sambaby - Trio Mocotó 15. Lupita - Ñico Gomez 16. Cochise - Ed Lincoln 17. Cala Boca Menino - João Donato 18. Bob
  5. Brazilian Beats vol.2 -- Mr Bongo [Amazon.com]
    1. Love And Happiness (sao Benitez Sunset Mix) - River Ocean 2. Brazilian Beat (Romatt Dub) - Maw Featuring Liliana Chachian 3. Serrado - Djavan 4. Atoa Atoa - Ronie E O Central Do Brasil 5. Nega De Obaluae - Wando 6. Zana - Toquinho 7. Berimbau (bongo Re-edit) - Mandrake 8. Coco Dub (afrociberdelia) - Chico Science 9. Na Biaxa Do Sapateiro - Wanda 10. E Samba - Orlandiva 11. Jungle - Som Tres 12. Samba No 2 Andamento 133 - Os Ritmistas Brasileiros 13. Summertime - Roshinha De Valencia 14. Tanganica - Luis Carlos Vinhas

  6. Brazilian Beats vol.3- Mr Bongo [Amazon.com] [Third installment of this wonderful series]
    1. Beira Mar [Sao Benitez Lush Mix] 2. Para Ti [Criancas Mix] 3. Maria [One Rascal Main Mix] - Bazeado 4. Nãoo Adianta 5. Disritmia 6. Chega No Suingue 7. Riacho 8. Sãudãçao a Toco Preto 9. Sebastiana 10. Krioula 11. É Isso Aí - Paulo Lima 12. Como Um Sol [Brazilian Beat Mix] 13. Música É 14. Bob [Edu K Mix]

    Radio Nova presents: Rare Grooves Brasil #1 (2005) - Various Artists

    Radio Nova presents: Rare Grooves Brasil #1 (2005) - Various Artists [Amazon.com] [FR] [DE] [UK]

    Track Listings
    1. Claustrofobia - Martinho Da Vila 2. Pick Up the Pieces - Wilson DasNeves, 3. Partido Alto 4. Fibra 5. Caravan - Dionne Warwick 6. Os Cinco Bailes da Historia Do Rio - Dona Ivone Lara 7. Filhos de Gandhi - Jorge Ben, Gilberto Gil 8. Rio [Special Mix] - Vinicius Cantuaria 9. Summertime 10. Canto das Três Raças - Clara Nunes 11. O Bebado E a Equilibrista - João Bosco, 12. Miudinho - Paulinho da Viola 13. Democústico - Marcos Valle 14. Sylvia - Arthur Verocai 15. Zurn Zurn - Edu Lobo 16. Um Canto de Afoxé - Caetano Veloso 17. Rua Real Grandeza

    Album Details
    The French Radio Conglomerate Nova Kicks off 2005 with a Series Opener that is as Much Samba as Bossa but Irresistibly Groovy with a 70's Flair. A Nova Collection Sometimes Has an Air of Familiarity to it Alongside Less Familiar Names as Well. This Set features Brazilian Legends Gilberto Gil, Joao Bosco and Jorge Ben, but also Dionne Warwick and Even Junior the Footballer (Both with Full of Samba Energy!) and Many Names to Be Discovered. Overall, It's Brazil in the Groove...nova Style!

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