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A 1959 Chantal Meteor Jukebox.
Image sourced here.
Live and mediated popular culture
An important moment in the history of popular culture is the moment that culture went from "live culture" (the audience was present in the same location as the cultural manifestation or performance) to "mediated culture" (the cultural manifestation was first recorded and played back at a later date by the audience).
This happened first in the sixteenth century with the invention of moveable type and the subsequent birth of of mechanically reproduced books which started the revolution known as print culture.
Nothing much happened in the relationship between "live" and "mediated" until the early twentieth century, when music and theatre underwent this conversion. Music was recorded to be played back by a phonograph or gramophone. Theatre was recorded on film and played back in the cinema.
The period of the 1920s to the 1950s saw the development of "live" mediated entertainment (radio and television broadcasts).
The 1980s saw the development of personalized mediated visual entertainment such as video tapes and DVDs. [Mar 2006]
See also: aura - entertainment - playback - popular culture - media - medium - mass media - Work of Art in the Age of ...
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